Protect Your Values

Cleaning: Your trusted oriental rug cleaner will ensure a professional cleaning method that will bring out the richness of color and softness of the wool. Depending on the amount of traffic and environment, a professional washing is recommended every one (1) to three (3) years.

Rotation: Rotate your rug once a year to ensure even wear. Depending on the traffic, the rotation may vary from six months to two years.


Vacuuming: Vacuum your oriental rugs on a regular basis to remove dirt and restore life to the fibres the same as carpets. Be sure NOT to vacuum the fringe.


Padding: A quality pad under your rug will help to protect it from dirt, wear and slippage.

Oriental Rugs date back over Centuries The techniques of weaving knotted rugs Are varied. These techniques have develop in the course Of the time under the influence of physical And historical circumstance. Carpet weaving began as a nomadic craft And it still continues today basically unchanged Amongst nomadic people in Persia and Turkey. Generally, oriental rugs will increase in value – with age and proper care. Often its a purchase of a lifetime and when correctly maintained will last through several generations! The information here offers easy, basic steps for the care and protection of your Oriental Rug. The Wonders of Wool: Oriental rugs are generally made of wool, which is extremely durable, and consistently outperforms other materials. Unlike other fiber, wool is much more resilient, cleans better and stays cleaner longer. Cleaning: Your trusted oriental rug cleaner will ensure a professional cleaning method that will bring out the richness of color and softness of the wool. Depending on the amount of traffic and environment, a professional washing is recommended every one (1) to three (3) years. Rotation: Rotate your rug once a year to ensure even wear. Depending on the traffic, the rotation may vary from six months to two years. Vacuuming: Vacuum your Oriental rugs on a regular basis to remove dirt and restore life to the fiber the same as carpets. Be sure NOT to vacuum the fringe. Padding: A quality pad under your rug will help to protect it from dirt, wear and slippage. Restoration: Just about any problem has a solution with a professional restoration. Old Rug Shrinkage There are few soft floor coverings that are guaranteed against shrinkage, therefore, dimensional changes of your rug should be expected during cleaning. Your skilled professional rug cleaner takes every step economically possible to minimize this inherent characteristic. During the spinning and weaving process, fibres and fabric must be kept under tension for proper function of equipment. For example, warp yarns are held under tension on a loom during a rug’s construction. Stretching occurs during this and other operations and fibres and fabrics remain tense until moisture causes them to relax. Shrinkage at this point is often referred to as relaxation shrinkage. The amount of shrinkage that can be expected will depend upon the construction of the rug and the fiber used. Most shrinkage is due to the type of backing fiber used. The density of the face fiber will also have a bearing on the amount of shrinkage. The type of face fiber has no relation to the amount of shrinkage.
Shading
A carpet or rug may seem to change color in
certain areas. When you look at the carpet
from one angle, these areas will appear to be
lighter than the rest of the carpet. Viewed from
the other side, the spot appears darker. This
condition is called shading.
Carpet pile has a natural slope in one direction.
As long as the tufts slant in the one direction,
the carpet has uniform color throughout.
However, some of the tufts may slant against
this normal pile lay, causing a variation in the
way light is reflected from the napped surface.
Changes in the lay of pile usually develop
gradually in traffic areas. Shading may also
occur in areas of less traffic and under
furniture. It can even be present in brand new
carpets! Shading occurs most frequently on
dense, velvety, cut pile carpets. Many Chinese
and dense pile Indian rugs will show some pile
distortion after use or the first cleaning.
Although it can effect multicolored or
Printed design carpet the problem is most
obvious on solid colored carpets
In some cases, shading becomes more
apparent after the carpet is cleaned which may
lead you to believe the shaded appearance
develop during the cleaning process. But, this
phenomenon cannot occur overnight; it must
develop gradually over time. The shading was
probably not visible before cleaning because of
the lighting, the placement of furniture, or
uniform soiling over the entire surface.
Little can be done to prevent or correct
shading; it is an inherent characteristic of
certain types of carpet. It may be mitigated by
vacuuming or brushing the pile in one direction
during daily or weekly maintenance.
Color Changes Dyes are chemical compounds that are added to fibers to give them color. Sometimes these dyes react with airborne chemicals or gases and changes in the color occur. Fume fading is a reaction to gaseous pollutants such as oxides of nitrogen or sulphur, in the air. It is a gradual change, accelerated by sunlight, heat, high humidity and the presence of acid on the fiber. The most common colour changes are blue to pink, greens to yellow, and brown to red. The color change usually starts at the tip of the tufts and progresses toward the backing. Ozone fading is caused by ozone gas in the atmosphere. It is also accelerated by high humidity and heat. Ozone is more prevalent around electrical motors, fluorescent lights and pollutants in the air. Fibers subjected to ozone fading may lighten, turn white, or change from one color to another as in fume fading. Some carpet fibers are dyed with Indicator Dyes. These dyes are sensitive to either acid or alkaline chemicals. An alkaline-sensitive dye will change color if exposed to ammonia or high alkaline (high pH) detergent. The color often can be changed back with dilute acetic acid (white vinegar). An acid-sensitive dye will change color when exposed to vinegar or other mild acids (low pH) used in cleaning. The original color may not be permanent and often can be reversed. Other color changes due to strong chemicals (concentrated acids and bases or other reactive chemicals) are not a result of this “indicator effect” and may not be reversible. Color changes that become apparent after cleaning are sometimes incorrectly blamed on the cleaning process. In many cases, however, the color change is due to the ravages of time – the aging and oxidizing of dyes and fibers. Cleaning reveals the true color by removing soil and loosened dyes.

Silk fibers are being used increasingly in textile furnishings such as rugs, upholstery and draperies. Silk is a luxury fiber used in the manufacture of expensive, high fashion products. It can be dyed and printed to produce very beautiful designs and bright shades. These properties make silk a beautiful, very desirable fiber. Silk however, also characteristically exhibits several problems when cleaned. Silk dyes may be soluble (dissolve) in water, detergent and/or dry cleaning solvent. Silk is also prone to color bleeding and the formation of water spots, ring marks or perspiration stains. Color bleeding is more of a problem with dark colors than with pastels. Made of protein, silk is susceptible to abrasion; yarn slippage, sunlight damage, discoloration and can show texture changes. These problems often are often revealed or accentuated by normal cleaning. In order to minimize the problems described, special procedures are required for cleaning silk. The choice of method depends on various factors such as the age and condition of the silk textile, and the spots and stains present. In general, it is more prudent to dry clean silk. Some silks can be wet cleaned successfully, but others may not. Wet cleaning of silk aids soil and stain removal but may result in texture distortion, which is often permanent. Your specialist rug restorer is qualified to select the most beneficial method. Remember, more intensive cleaning usually is required to restore the appearance of an excessively soiled rug or fabric. Such thorough cleaning procedures, however, have a higher propensity to cause damage. Silk textiles, therefore, should be maintained well (vacuumed regularly) and cleaned more frequently, before they become excessively soiled. It is also advantageous to use silk textiles prudently. at least, limit the amount of foot traffic on them. Avoid using silk draperies in sunny windows and protect them with drapery linings. Consult your professional ASCR cleaner for further information regarding special services to preserve your silk textiles. 

Custom Made Rugs
Custom made rugs are becoming increasingly
popular each year. These rugs can be broadly
classified under two categories: (a) hand tufted
or hooked and (b) assembled component.
Assembled component rugs are manufactured
by joining together different rugs components,
either tufted or woven. Components are joined
using a hot melt adhesive tape or by sewing or
both. Custom rugs are available in a variety of
contemporary designs, colors, and shapes.
Although expensive, they are elegant, often
exclusive and provide an aura of opulence to
the surrounding areas.
Custom rugs, however, pose a challenge to
carpet and rug cleaners. If proper cleaning
procedures are not followed, problems can
occur during cleaning. Let us examine some
common problems with custom rugs and why
they occur.
The two most common problems with custom
rugs are shrinkage and rippling. Shrinkage and
rippling occur especially with assembled
component custom rugs. In wet cleaning of
any custom rug in which different components
are joined together, there is always a
propensity for differential shrinkage to take
place. This is due to the inherent difference in
the properties of various components.
In addition to the two problems described
above, some custom rugs can soften upon
application of heat or cleaning/spotting
solvents; others may show drastic changes in
size as well as texture distortion due to a loose
construction. Dyes in custom rugs are often
unstable and color bleeding or color loss
may result
The cleaning of Oriental rugs is a complicated
and intricate process. One major concern
during this process involves cotton rug fringes.
These are prone to deterioration in normal use
due to the loosely twisted cotton unravelling
during traffic & servicing. Fringes of cotton are
softer than the main body of the rug and
generally come into contact with foot traffic
first. Expect to replace two or three times
during a rugs life.
There are additional reasons why fringes may
require special treatment during or after
cleaning. The first reason is cellulosic
browning. Rug fringes are mostly made of
cotton, a cellulose fibre, which undergoes
natural changes with time. These changes may
lead to the development of a brown stain or
discoloration called cellulosic browning. The
second reason is the possible change in the
color of the fringes during cleaning. This form
of color change occurs as the fringes absorb
unstable or oxidized dyes from the wet rug
during washing & drying. Due to the fragile
nature of the fringes , hand washing is
preferred but correction of more severe
discoloration may require stronger oxidizing
treatment.
Shading
A carpet or rug may seem to change color in
certain areas. When you look at the carpet
from one angle, these areas will appear to be
lighter than the rest of the carpet. Viewed from
the other side, the spot appears darker. This
condition is called shading.
Carpet pile has a natural slope in one direction.
As long as the tufts slant in the one direction,
the carpet has uniform color throughout.
However, some of the tufts may slant against
this normal pile lay, causing a variation in the
way light is reflected from the napped surface.
Changes in the lay of pile usually develop
gradually in traffic areas. Shading may also
occur in areas of less traffic and under
furniture. It can even be present in brand new
carpets! Shading occurs most frequently on
dense, velvety, cut pile carpets. Many Chinese
and dense pile Indian rugs will show some pile
distortion after use or the first cleaning.
Although it can effect multicolored or
Printed design carpet the problem is most
obvious on solid colored carpets
In some cases, shading becomes more
apparent after the carpet is cleaned which may
lead you to believe the shaded appearance
develop during the cleaning process. But, this
phenomenon cannot occur overnight; it must
develop gradually over time. The shading was
probably not visible before cleaning because of
the lighting, the placement of furniture, or
uniform soiling over the entire surface.
Little can be done to prevent or correct
shading; it is an inherent characteristic of
certain types of carpet. It may be mitigated by
vacuuming or brushing the pile in one direction
during daily or weekly maintenance.
Shrinkage that causes dimensional changes
results entirely from wetting the backing yarns.
Moisture causes the fibars to swell and this
forces the weave threads to contract, causing
the overall floor covering to shrink. Most of this
type of shrinkage will occur during the first
thorough wetting (usually the first cleaning).
On some rugs 10% shrinkage may take place,
but it is more realistic to see about 2%
shrinkage of the average rug. Shrinkage can
also take place in the home due to the rugs
backing yarns absorbing moisture from the
humid air.

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